Constitutional Liberty in Higher Education

 Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof…  Amendment 1, United States Constitution


The first amendment to the constitution is fairly clear and unambiguous.  In recent years, however, the topic and application of this amendment have been under intense scrutiny, especially in the academic realm.  A quick scan of higher education headlines yielded me a significant number of articles regarding the intersection of religious freedom on college campuses. These same campuses espouse freedom of expression and human rights; yet seek to curtail those freedoms and rights by limiting their students’ freedom to exercise their religion. Among the headlines covering this I found:



This is just a brief sample of the many reports I found of Christian students or student groups having difficulty exercising their “free exercise thereof” on campus.  In many instances, students had to appeal rulings, seek legal counsel, and in some cases sue in order to get these negative sanctions overturned. Why does it appear that the most learned among us have found it so difficult to take an approach to the issue of religious freedom that establishes the appropriate organizational boundaries without appearing to trample the rights of the students?

For generations, the American liberal arts college experience has been called one of the best in the world for its ability to teach students about the power of ideas.  Many of these same colleges listed above proudly tout their status as champions of rights, expressions, ideas, and ideals.  However, it appears that they have some measure of difficulty manifesting these statements in practice when it comes to constitutionally-protected expressions of religious liberty.

I was once blessed with a mentor who told me that if I wanted to tell who was being truthful with me and who wasn’t, look to see if their words match their behavior.

As the students say, #justsaying

Daniel Keating is President of Summit Consolidated Group, a national brokerage and insurance company with offices in Oklahoma, Texas, Connecticut and Louisiana. Mr. Keating grew up in Tulsa graduating from Cascia Hall. He holds a B.S. degree from Tulsa University and a MBA from the University of Oklahoma. Following college, Keating joined the United States Marine Corps and completed Officer Candidate School. Daniel Keating served a thirteen-month tour with the Fifth Marine Regiment in Vietnam and later retired from the Marine Corps Reserve with the rank of Lieutenant Colonel. Daniel Keating is a past president of Valley National Bank in Tulsa where he presently serves on the Bank’s Board of Directors. In 2002, President Bush appointed Mr. Keating to the Board of Advisors on Tribal Colleges and Universities. Daniel Keating has been a delegate to three Republican National Conventions. He was also appointed by Oklahoma’s Speaker of the House to the Cigarette and Tobacco Tax Advisory Committee and was later elected its chairman. Mr. Keating also serves as Chairman of the City of Tulsa’s Transportation Advisory Board, and is a member of Oklahoma Wesleyan University Foundation Board of Directors. In 2012 Governor Mary Fallin appointed Mr. Keating to the Tulsa Community College Board of Regents. He is also the President Pro Tempore’s appointee to the Professional Responsibility Commission. Daniel and his wife, Kathy have two sons, Matthew and Bryan.

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